Ankara is the second most populated city in Turkey with around 5 million people. It is also the capital city of Turkey. The are many official buildings such as The Parliament, The Embassies of All Countries and all the ministry buildings. Most of the people in this city are either workers in the official buildings or students.
The Mausoleum of Ataturk is the most important monument in Ankara. The eternal resting place of the founder of the Republic of Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the Mausoleum is at the same time a museum harboring many towers. It is possible to see and understand the entire process of founding the republic with the artifacts and written documents in the museum section.
The museum is housed in a 15th-century bedesten (covered market). The central room houses reliefs and statues, while the surrounding hall displays exhibits from Paleolithic, Neolithic, Chalcolithic, Bronze Age, Assyrian, Hittite, Phrygian, Urartians and Lydian periods. Downstairs are classical Greek and Roman artifacts and a display on Ankara’s history.
The exhibits are chronologically arranged in a spiral: start at the Paleolithic and Neolithic displays in the room to the right of the entrance, then continue in an anti-clockwise direction, visiting the central room last. It is highly recommended to visit this museum to see all the civilization artifacts at one place.
Gordion (Gordium) was the capital of the kingdom of Phrygia. It was one of the most important settlements of Ankara province, which was the home of many antique monuments and artifacts. The “tumulus of Midas”, the greatest tumulus near Gordium, was excavated in 1957. Its diameter is a little short of 300 meters and it is 43 meter-high. In the wooden chamber, which measured 5 x 6 meters, a man’s corpse was found, and even the contents of his last dinner could be reconstructed. It is still possible to see this “tumulus” type of graveyard in Gordion.
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